Friday, January 30, 2015

TOEFL tests/ Incomplete Sentences/ Advanced level #  20


PAST TENSES

Q1 I told them I ….. just going out for a short walk.

(a) would                     (b) am                        (c) was                            (d) will


Q2 He asked me what I ……. with the paint brush.

(a) did do                       (b) had done                          (c) will do                       (d) have done


Q3 She told me …… carefully on the icy roads.

(a) to be driven                                 (b) to have driven                       (c) to drive             (d) to be driven


Q4 I wonder what ….. happened while I was away.

(a) will have                        (b) has                           (c) was                         (d) had


Q5 She wonders why I never ……. abroad by plane.

(a) travel          (b) have been travelling            (c) has travelled                 (d) will have travelled


Q6 Quite honestly all I was doing was simply …… polite conversation.

(a) made                         (b) making                        (c) having made                    (d) makes


Q7 He was wondering what …… promoted him to take no notice at all.

(a) has                           (b) have                             (c) had                         (d) having


Q8 I was asking myself what in all honesty she …… do next.

(a) will                            (b) would                    (c) shall                          (d) had   


Q9 He actually denied ….. anything of the sort.

(a) to do                         (b) done                         (c) did                        (d) doing


Q10 He came into the room and demanded …. what was happening.

(a) to know                         (b) knowing                      (c) know                        (d) having known



Thursday, January 22, 2015



In love again                 

Being in love is wonderful
just like Spring in your heart.
Everything is different.
Everything glows.
If you’re in love
everything is pretty and sunny
because up to now
you’ve become half blind,
blinded by the depressing,
heavy view of life.
There are many sides to being in love.
But there is one kind of love
that we need more  than ever before
in our complicated, problem-laden society,
in our society which has had an overdose of psychiatry.
It is being in love
with ordinary everyday things.
Recent discoveries
have not been discoveries of wisdom,
but discoveries of speed
that don’t bring us one step
closer to happiness.
Discover again with me
the ordinary things,
the simple charm
of friendship ,
a few flowers for a sick person,
an open door, a welcoming table,
eating plain old fish and french fries
or a hamburger,
lazing in a garden chair
gazing at the sky,
a handshake, a grin,
the quiet of a church,
a child’s drawing,
the opening of a bud,
the chirping of a bird,
a row of poplars,
a stream, a mountain, a cow…
Life becomes a feast
if you can enjoy ordinary everyday things.
It is Spring! Yippee!
I’m in love again
-with ordinary things
Don’t forget
that every day is given to you

as an eternity to be happy.

Sunday, January 18, 2015

Robert H. Goddard and the power of Imagination


WHEN ROBERT  H. GODDARD, America’s pioneer rocket expert, was growing in Massachusetts, he loved to study things around him to  see how they worked. His father did everything he could to help him learn. He gave him a telescope to look at the stars and planets and a microscope to study plant cells and bacteria. He even  gave him a subscription to Scientific American, which told Robert about the latest discoveries of the world’s great scientists.

Robert Goddard was born in 1882, more than 20 years before the Wright brothers flew their first airplane. Not a strong boy, he was often absent from school because of illness. But when he could  not be in school, he would study on his own. The things Robert learned would wake up his imagination and give him ideas for experiments he wanted to try.

 One time, using a thin sheet of aluminium, he tired to make a balloon. He filled it with hydrogen gas, but the balloon did not rise. The aluminium, of course, was too heavy.
 Another time he tried to make diamonds by heating graphite, which is a form of carbon. This experiment also failed, but Robert was not discouraged.  Even when his  experiment did not work out as he hoped, he always learned something new and went on to try another experiment. His imagination never failed. Robert was especially interested in all kinds of flights. For example, he studied how birds fly and how they soar or change direction quickly. He also studied butterflies to learn how their wings work.

 When he was 16 years old, he read a novel by H.G. Wells called The War of the World’s.this story of Martians traveling millions of miles through space to Earth became one of his favourite books.

 One October day, two weeks after his 17th birthday, Robert climbed an old cherry tree his back yard in order to prune some of its branches. As he started to work, he began to wonder whether a machine could rise high from Earth and travel through space to other planets. He sat in the tree, looking far into the sky, and tired to imagine how the machine would work.

 That day he told himself that he would devote his life to inventing a flying machine, a rocker-powered machine that would travel far from Earth into space.
 From that time on, he was a very serious student. He learned everything he could about science and mathematics. Using his imagination and the things he learned, he began to experiment with rockets. 

After he became a professor of physic, he spent every minute of his spare time trying to make bigger and better and better rockets. Soon he became known as the man who wanted to fly to the moon.
  Every time he launched a rocket, he learned something new. He was doing things no one had done before. In fact, he was inventing the science we call rocketry

Goodard’s rockets became ever bigger and more and more powerful. Realizing that a rocket would work best if it used liquid as the fuel, in 1926 he launched the first liquid fueled rocket in history.

 One test in 1929 was noisy enough to bring police and news reporters to Goddard’s launch site. He was told not to launch any more of them in Massachusetts.

  So in 1930 Robert Goddard looked for a new place to launch his rockets. He decided to move his laboratory to Roswell, New Mexico. There he set up shop and continued his experiments. His rockets flew higher and longer, helping him learn many things about the science of rocketry.

  Others also profited from Goddard’s experiments. His writings and patents were studied by rocket scientists in other country. The German government in 1930’s believing that rockets could be used as missiles in warfare, began to develop them. The first long-range missiles, the German V-2 rockets that  struck England during World War II, were designed almost exactly like Goddard’s rockets.


 Robert H. Goddards received 214 patents for his inventions. He did not live to see the day when the first person walked on the moon, but he had learned enough to know that his dream of leaving Earth and travelling to the moon or Mars could become reality. It was Robert Goddard’s imagination that showed us the way into space.

Monday, January 12, 2015

TOEFL tests/ Incomplete Sentences/ Advanced level #  19


LOSING IT (2)


Q1 The trouble with him is that if you push him too far, he’s likely to shout at you and lose his …….

(a) cold                                     (b) coldness                      (c) cool                            (d) ice

Q2 There’s no hope for him now because he’s lost his …… and has gone completely crazy.

(a) glasses                          (b) stories                                (c) jewels                                    (d) marbles

Q3 At the very last minute she broke down in tears and lost her …….

(a) skill                                    (b) nerve                          (c) sense                             (d) feeling

Q4 First he started shouting and then he began to throw things round the room and it was clear he had just lost his …….

(a) rag                                     (b) cloth                              (c) cover                            (d) sheet

Q5 Depsite his great age we realized that he’d not lost his …….. because he was still able to deliver a wonderful speech.

(a) feel                             (b) contact                         (c) touch                           (d) feeling

Q6 Do you mind repeating that last bit again as I seem to have lost the …… of your argument?

(a) length                             (b) string                        (c) cord                                (d) thread

Q7 When it came to diving the profits  we lost ……. because we didn’t get our fair share.

(a) off                                         (b) out                               (c) in                          (d) through

Q8 As she was walking across the tightrope at the circus she lost her …… and fell to the ground.

(a) control                                (b) direction                                    (c) balance                        (d) sense

Q9 After a while I got fed up with the film and began to lose …… in the story.

(a) thought                               (b) following                          (c) thinking                      (d) interest

Q10 There’s no harm in trying your luck there because after all you have ……. to lose.


(a) less                      (b) nothing                        (c) a little                          (d) least

Monday, January 5, 2015

Personal concern


I must never imagine I’ve dealt with love
If I only feel ‘friendly’ towards the people around me.
This is woolly sympathy,
An illusion of friendship.
I put myself at ease.
I do nobody any harm.
I let everyone else get on with life.
Hold it!
If I am a perfect citizen,well off and safe under my glass dome,
with my very own atmosphere,
that is exactly how I became an accomplice
to that collective indifference
which strangles our society.

If I really want to love
I must give myself fully to a deep and true concern
-above all for those few people
closest to me,
those who are entrusted to my care,
those people who share the same roof with me,
who work with me each day,
who travel with me,
who romp and play and laugh with me.

This kind of concern is binding and drags me away
from my own small protected little world.
This concern is essential if I am not to shrivel up.
I must never postpone it,
not even if it disturbs my peace and tranquility.
Perhaps it does me good to be disturbed.
Perhaps it is good to be occupied
with acts of kindness to others,
and that this sometimes involves pain and sorrow.

And that some day
I may even have to carry the burden of anxiety
without being able to talk about it to other people.
Personal concern is the fruit of real love.
I may even cause to suffer,
But ultimately, it brings with it the best of all gifts.

It gives life.
It gives colour to my existence,
And even, at odd moments,
An immense feeling of profound gratitude

-a foretaste of an unknown paradise.


Friday, January 2, 2015

365 more days are like 365 white pages waiting the black ink on.
 May you write a beautiful story.
I  wish you convert it into a best seller.

Happy and Prosperous New Year 2015 !

fm

Monday, December 29, 2014

Albert Schweitzer and the power of Caring


One day, a few months after his 21st birthday, Albert Scheitzer made a decision that was to change his entire life. He decided that after his 30th birthday he would spend the rest of his life helping human beings in some way. He did not know what kind of work he would do, but he had nine years to make up his mind.

Albert Schweitzer was born more than a hundred years ago in Alsace, which was then part of Germany but is now part of France. When he was five years old, he began to learn to play the piano. Three years later he started lessons on the organ; very soon he was good enough to play at church services.
  When he was 18, Schweitzer went to the university of Strasbourg. The son of a minister, he was interested especially in theology, the study of religion. But when he was not studying or attending class, he would practice on the organ. His favourite composer was Johann Sebastian Batch, a famous German organist who lived about 300 years ago. While still a student, Schweitzer became an excellent musician and an expert on the life of Bach.

  In those days in Germany, every young man had to spend a year training in the army. But even when the time came for Albert Schweitzer to take military training, he did not give up his studies.

After Albert Schweitzer was graduated from the University of Schweitzer , he became a teacher and a preacher. He wrote a book about  Bach and another book on the building and playing of organs. He also wrote two books on religion that are still read and discussed today.

  But these successes were of little importance to Albert Schweitzer. In 1905, when he turned 30, he told his friends he wanted to be a doctor and open a hospital in Africa. He felt that Caring for others when they   became ill was a good way for him to spend his  life.
It took courage to leave his comfortable home in Europe to go to Africa, but in 1913, Schweitzer, now  a doctor , and his wife Helene, traveled to Lambarene, a village on the Ogowe River in what is now Gabon in west central Africa. There he built his hospital.

The hospital did not look like the hospitals in the United States. It was designed so that the path of the hot African sun would travel along the length of the roof to lessen the effect’s heat. The roof also hung the sun’s heat. Two sides of the building were made of mosquito netting. This kept the mosquitos out while giving the hospital plenty of fresh, cool air. Later, houses were built around the hospital so the families of his patients could live in them while they helped care for their loved ones.

Soon people began to flock to Lambarene to be healed by Dr. Schweitzer. They saw that he cared deeply about them, so the word spread and even more people came to Lambarene. Dr. Schweitzer worked very hard. He spent long hours in the operating room, visited all the patients at the hospital, and often worked far into the night. He seemed never to run out of energy.
When World War I broke out in 1914, Dr. Schweitzer had to close the hospital. Made a prisoner, he was sent back to Europe. Bur never he forgot the people he left behind. After the war ended, he returned to Lambarene and rebuilt his hospital.

For nearly 40 years, Dr. Schweitzer continued his medical work in Africa. To help pay his hospital he traveled to Europe to give organ concerts. He also gave the money he earned from his books to the hospital.
Many people, after hearing Dr. Schweitzer talk about the hospital, gave money to help it grow and serve more people.
The story of  Dr. Schweitzer has inspired many others to follow his example. One person, who started a hospital in Haiti, named it after Dr. Schweitzer, another person did the same thing in Peru.
After Schweitzer dedicated his life to helping others.

His  efforts made life better for thousands of people. He showed that caring about people should be an important part of all our lives.